Fraser firs are native to and commonly found in the Appalachian Mountains along the east coast. They are typically the most preferred tree as they have very soft, short needles and strong branches for holding heavy ornaments. The Fraser firs have the traditional pine scent and bluish green color making them the traditional Christmas tree.
Concolor firs or sometimes referred to as “White Fir” are native to the west coast in the Rocky Mountains. Concolors are known for their pleasant citrus aroma found within their needles. They exhibit a blueish green appearance and are very full trees. Concolors have moderately strong branches, similar to that of the Douglas firs and exhibit good needle retention. Their needles are approximately 1 to 3 inches long in length and are very soft.
Douglas firs are found mostly along the west coast of the United States from Oregon to California, with some found in the Rocky Mountains. Their needles are roughly 1 to 1.5 inches long, soft to the touch, and dark green in color. Douglas Firs are a very full tree with moderately strong branches capable of holding most all ornaments. Our wreaths are mostly made with a combination of Douglas fir and Fraser fir.
Canaan fir are native to Canada, Maine, and the higher mountains within Virginia and West Virginia (specifically Canaan Valley). Canaan Firs are very similar to both Balsam firs and Fraser firs. Canaan firs vary in color from a light green to a dark green based on a variety of factors including moisture content, sunlight, and soil type. They have moderately strong branches and short, very soft needles approximately 0.5 to 1 inch.
White pines are noted for holding their needles well, even long after being harvested. They also are well suited for people with allergies, as they give little to no aroma. A standard 1.8-meter (6 ft) tree takes approximately 6 to 8 years to grow in ideal conditions. Sheared varieties are usually desired because of their stereotypical Christmas tree conical shape, as naturally grown ones can become too thick for larger ornaments, or grow bushy in texture. The branches of the eastern white pine are also widely used in making holiday wreaths and garland because of their soft, feathery needles.